Everything You Need to Know About the Different Types of E-Bikes

Everything You Need to Know About the Different Types of E-Bikes


Electric bikes (e-bikes) have transformed the cycling world, offering diverse options for riders of all kinds. Understanding e-bikes is straightforward: they fall into three primary motor classes and three categories based on motor and battery placement. Additionally, e-bikes are categorized similarly to traditional bikes, based on frame types, manufacturers, and intended usage. Ready to delve into the electrifying world of e-bikes? Let’s go!

Electric Bike Motor

Motor Type

E-bikes are primarily divided into three classes:

  1. Throttle mode e-bikes: These don’t require pedalling. You control the motor manually.
  2. Pedal assist e-bikes (Pedelecs): The motor activates when you pedal, making the ride easier.
  3. Hybrid mode e-bikes: A combination of throttle and pedal assist, these are less common.

In Europe, pedelecs are the most prevalent.

Motor Power

Motor power, measured in watts, varies across e-bikes. In Europe, the standard is 250 watts. However, some countries have different regulations, like the USA and Canada where up to 750 watts is permissible.

Motor Location

E-bikes are also distinguished by motor location:

  1. Hub motor e-bikes: The motor is integrated into a wheel, with variants in front or rear wheel drive.
  2. Mid-drive motor e-bikes: The motor is located near the pedals, offering a more traditional cycling experience.

Electric Bike Battery

Battery Type

The two main battery types are:

  1. Lead-acid batteries: Cheaper and good for around 500-600 charges.
  2. Lithium-ion batteries: More expensive, similar to those in smartphones, offering up to 1000 charges.

Battery Power

Battery power is expressed in watt-hours (Wh). For example, a 100 Wh battery can run a 100 W device for one hour.

Battery Location

E-bike batteries can be positioned on the rack, the frame, or integrated into the frame itself.

E-Bikes Frames and Other Parts

E-bikes mirror traditional bikes in terms of frames and parts:

  • Frame size: Ranges from small to large, measured in inches.
  • Frame material and weight: Typically made of iron or aluminum.
  • Frame geometry: Includes different designs for men’s, women’s, and various bike types.

Other Components

  • Steering wheel: Varies by bike type, such as straight for mountain bikes.
  • Speed: Ranges from single-speed to multi-speed.
  • Brakes: Rim or disc brakes.
  • Saddle: Varies from wide and soft to narrow and rigid.
  • Pedals: Can be standard or with bindings.
  • Wheels and Tyres: Differ in size and pattern, suited for various terrains.

Electric Bikes Manufacturers

Prominent e-bike manufacturers include Batribike, Corratec, Juicy, Byocycles, Himiway and more. Typically, one manufacturer creates the frame, while others contribute different parts.

Activities (Purpose of Use)

E-bikes come in various forms: city bikes, mountain bikes, hybrid bikes, touring and trekking bikes, cargo and family bikes, and foldable models.

Choosing the Right E-Bike: A Brief Guide

  1. Decide if an e-bike suits your needs.
  2. Consider motor class, battery type, and location.
  3. Select a manufacturer and store based on your budget.
  4. Match the bike to your height and weight.
  5. Inquire about warranty and repair conditions.

Then give us a call and we’ll put you onto your next e-bike.


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